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Mushroom Cultivation – A Tool for Wealth Creation and Employment Generation.


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Mushroom farming in Nigeria

How to cultivate mushroom in Nigeria

Mushroom cultivation is a tool for wealth creation and employment generation for youths, women, pensioners and entrepreneurs.

In this part of the world (Africa) Nigeria to be precise, where oil is the mainstay of the economy.

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We have completely abandoned agriculture that had sustained the economy long before oil was discovered in the southern part of the country.

  The country’s sole dependent on oil has affected the economy negatively, as youths (graduates and non-graduates) roam about the streets searching for jobs that are not available.

We Need to Embrace Agriculture

 Those employed in banks and oil companies don’t get the satisfaction they need. Most of them work very long hours. As such don’t have time for themselves and their families.

Before oil was discovered, the level of unemployment was not as high as it is today.

In the 60s, 70s and the early 80s, someone with standard six certificate was gainfully employed, with an official car and be able to take care of his needs and those of his family.

Today, with so many young people graduating from the universities yearly, the reverse is the case – no jobs for graduates, even with first class.

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Africa and the world at large need to embrace Agriculture, in order to provide jobs for their citizens (graduates and non-graduates alike).

Talking about Agriculture, the only agricultural venture that can give any farmer maximum returns within six months to one year is mushroom cultivation.

Mushroom Cultivation -Turning Waste to Wealth

Mushroom cultivation, which I also refer to as “waste converted to wealth”, is the most versatile and prolific agricultural venture all over the world.

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The reason is, you need little capital to start a mushroom farm.

All inputs are mainly agricultural wastes – sawdust, rice bran, wheat bran, corn cob, water hyacinth, cotton waste, millet, cocoa waste and guinea corn waste etc.

Mushroom can be harvested within few days of planting, and on a daily basis. Thereby creating wealth for the mushroom farmer within six months to one year.

You don’t need fertilizer to grow mushroom. And this is one thing that makes it different from other plants.

Is There a Ready Market for Mushroom Farmers?

Here in Nigeria where I live and do my business, I found out that so many people need mushroom on a daily basis. But they don’t get the quantity they need: as we have few mushroom farmers compared to the increasing demand of consumers.

Companies, supermarkets, restaurants, hotels and individuals need enough supply of mushroom, hence the need for more mushroom farmers.

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Who are Those to Cultivate Mushroom?

Mushroom farming is not limited to a particular set of people, gender or status. Anyone can be a mushroom farmer. Graduates, non graduates, men, women, youth, pensioners etcetera.

Many young graduates are ignorant of the potentials of mushroom production; as a result they go about searching for jobs in companies that will pay them stipends.

I have a strong feeling that if these young people would embrace mushroom cultivation, the level of unemployment would be minimised.

Pensioners are not to be left out. They can start mushroom farming and get back huge return on investment within six months. Mushroom cultivation – a good retirement plan.

With our climate mushroom can be cultivated and harvested in Nigeria and other developing countries daily from January to December, and as such can be dried and exported for foreign exchange.

Mushroom Cultivation a Veritable Tool for National Development

Following government intervention of 1978 (Household responsibility system). Cultivated mushrooms have become one of the most important crops in Chinese agriculture, and China is the largest edible mushroom producer in the world, reaching an estimated annual yield of 38.42 million tonnes.
This accounts for around 75% of the total global output, providing over 25 million jobs and generating an estimated income of ¥268.3 billion for growers in 2017. The export of edible mushrooms also amounted to US$3.84 billion in 2017. (Source: State of The World Fungi)..

Also read: How to Start Back Yard Fish Farming in Nigeria

This statistic shows that mushroom production has a great potential for wealth creation and employment generation for national development.

This can also be achieved in other developing countries like Nigeria. If the government would support the citizens who are willing to embrace mushroom production to salvage the unemployment situation.

Especially now that the economy of this country (Nigeria) and several other countries are facing serious economic downturn.

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Let’s embrace mushroom cultivation, as it is a proven tool for wealth creation and employment generation.

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