I will be showing you how to make liquid soap in Nigeria in today’s post. Liquid soap is one item no house hold can do without. So, whether you need it for house hold cleaning or commercial purpose, you have come to the right place.
This is a simple step by step guide on how to produce liquid soap in Nigeria. You don’t need a special qualification to do this. Even if you want to produce in large quantity for commercial purpose, this article will guide you through it all.You can produce and package your liquid soap with less than N50, 000. You have to package it well enable you to get your products to a larger number of buyers all over the country.
There are two methods of producing liquid soap and I will reveal both. I advice that you start small and perfect it before packaging.
So, let’s get started.
HOW TO PRODUCE LIQUID SOAP
These are the chemicals you need to produce liquid soap.
- Thickener (Nitrosol or Antisol)
- Soda Ash
- Caustic soda (optional)
- Sulphurnic foaming agent
- Perfume (your choice)
- Colour (optional)
- S. L. S
- S. T. P. P
- Sodium sulphate
- Glycerin (optional)
- 1kg of thickener (Antisol/Nitrosol) goes with
- 100 ltrs of water
- 2 spoons of colour
- 1kg of soda ash
- ¼ kg of caustic soda
- 5 litres of sulpurnic
- 1 kg S.L.S
- 1 kg of Texapon
- 5cl of preservative
- 1kg of S.T.P.P
- ¼kg of sodium sulphate
- 1cl of Glycerin (Optional)
- Perfume (as desired)
Also read How to Make Yoghurt in Nigeria.
Now let’s see the functions of each of the chemicals.
Ingredients for Liquid Soap and Their Functions
This is the thickener in the production of the liquid soap. There are two types of thickener – Nitrosol and Antisol.
The nirosol is an instant thickener that can be dissolved in water within 5 to 10 minutes. While the Antisol must be dissolved in water for 48 hours before making your liquid soap.
Both the Antisol and the Nitrosol are white with the texture of a powdered milk.
Instructions on how to dissolve the thickeners
(i) Nitrosol: If you are using Nitrosol, you just need to add the quantity needed to the quantity of water needed for the quantity of soap you want to produce.
(ii) Antisol: To use Antisol as thickener, you have to dissolve it in water for two days (24 hours). Follow these steps to dissolve Antisol.
Bring a plastic bucket, pour 15 litres into the bucket. Pour 1 kg thickener into it and stir vigorously. Keep stiring at intervals for the next two days till everything is dissolved.
Then put it aside.
The colour is always in powder form, Depending in your choice of colour. You can also choose make different colours of soap for your customers to choose from. Some of the colours that are very common are lemon green, lemon green orange, etcetera.
Soda Ash (Sodium carbonate):
It’s a white substance with coarse grains, like sugar. it regulates the concentration of the Caustic Soda which is corrosive. It helps to neutralize it.
Is a white crystalline substance that looks like salt. It it corrosive and as such care should be taken when using it. Avoid contact with the tender part of your skin as it can cause irritation. Caustic soda dissolves easily in water. It is an essential ingredient in the soap making as it is a cleaning agent.
This is the main foaming when in liquid soap. It is brownish blask in colour. As the name implies, it is acidic and care should be taken when using it. If it touches any part of the body it can burn that part. In case of any contact with any part of the body, wash off with cold water immediately.
SLS (Sodium Lauryl Sulphate)
The SLS is white in colour with rice-like grains. It is a surfactant and as such helps reduce the surface tension of the solution. It is also a flaming agent.
The Taxapon is jelly-like substance, that serves as a forming agent too.
It is a preservative that should be used when producing in large quantity. If you are just producing for personal use or small quantity as a retailer, you don’t need to add It. You should only use it if the soap is to be stored for a long time like six months and for commercial purposes.
STPP (Sodium Tripolyphosphate):
STPP is a sodium salt of triphosphoric acid. It is a white crystal powder looks like very much liketable salt too but unlike causetic soda, the grains are smaller and less coarse. It is also a cleaning agent.
is a thick, transparent and non-toxic liquid that is commonly found in soaps.
Usually helps your skin to remain hydrated and soft after using the soap.
This is the fragrance that gives the soap it’s scent. There are many perfumes to choose from, ranging from lemon, pineapple, ambipur. lavender or strawberry. It all depends on you and your choice of perfume.
- Put your 1kg thickener into 15 ltrs of water in a container and stir vigorously, then allow for 48hrs (2days). Add water continuously while you stir.
- Add your soda ash also into a small container with water of about 2ltrs and stir very well.
- Keep on stirring your soaked thickener and soda ash at intervals until it dissolves.
4. After 48 hrs (2days), bring all the chemicals needed for liquid soap and pour the soda ash into the thickener and stir vigorously.
5. Mix caustic soda, S.T.P.P or sodium sulphate, texapon, colour and S.L.S into 2 liters of water separately and stir very well, pour into the thickener and stir vigorously.
6. Mix sulphurnic foaming agent with 4 liters of water and stir very well, then add it to the thickener and stir very well.
7. Add perfume and stir well.
8.Add Preservative and stir very well and allow the foam to go down and use.
Also read: How to Make Germicide (Izal) in Nigeria
Note:It is important to put the preservative last; otherwise it will make other items not to dissolve properly.
I HOPE THIS HELPS.
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